Minerals are defined as natural compounds formed through geological processes. Minerals include not only the chemical composition of a substance but also the structure of minerals. Mineral composition is differentiated from pure elements and simple salts to very complex silicates with thousands of known forms. Based on JMG’s research, the country has significant mineral reserves for the further development of the mineral industry in our country. Malaysia at the international level is involved in AMMin, ASOMM, APEC and the CCOP. Activities undertaken these fora among others are, sharing of information, joint research and development of the mineral industry and development of human capital.
Geoscience is identified as a field of scientific research related to earth sciences. Geoscience encompasses areas such as engineering geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, environmental geology, geological heritage, marine geology, petroleum geology and geochemistry. Geoscience involve scientific research of the Earth, including composition, physical properties, structure, evolution, tectonic history and natural resources (geological resources) contained therein. Investigation and geoscience research is geared towards understanding the origin and distribution of the source, nature and evolution of the complexity of the earth’s landscape and the wide range of environmental and climatic changes affecting each habitation on earth. Geosciences activities among others include geological mapping, hydrogeology or groundwater studies, engineering geology, environmental geology and geological heritage.